1. Fluctuations in humidity will cause cigars to lose essential oils and flavors.
Like fine wine, cigars are natural products that live, breathe and age. They’re loaded with natural oils and sugars that provide all the character, flavor and foundation for improving with age. In fact, we even speak of the marriage between wrapper, binder and filler, where the respective oils and sugars contribute to a harmonious whole. To really appreciate the harmony of flavors in fine cigars, they need to be aged and allowed to develop the “bloom” that naturally occurs as the oils and sugars mature into the rich, smooth nuanced flavors. (This is the reason you bought the cigars in the first place.)
Like all natural products, they must be cared for properly in order to fully enjoy them as the cigar master intended. To do that, you need to know some of the basics about cigar care, and indeed, about cigar tobacco.
An important factor is that tobacco is “hygroscopic,” meaning it has the characteristic to readily draw moisture from the surrounding environment as well as give up its moisture. Unfortunately, this makes it difficult to maintain the natural oils and sugars contained within the blend.
2. Neglecting to store cigars in a proper environment is a mistake. Don’t compound a mistake with another mistake.
The biggest doom to fine cigars are fluctuations and/or cycles in humidity. There are 2 major enemies that are trying to impend this doom upon your cigars at all times. The first enemy is the environment in which it is stored. The second enemy is any inferior product that attempts to control this environment.
In other words, humidity fluctuations are caused by the normal changes in ambient temperature and humidity, whereas cycles in humidity are caused when using any refillable humidification device. Both are bad for your cigars.
The humidity inside your humidor spikes when any refillable device is filled with water. This is then followed by a steady drop in humidity as the water evaporates. During each of these cycles, some of the natural oils and sugars contained within the cigar’s blend dissipate along with the moisture, robbing the cigar of its character, flavor and its foundation for improving with age.
Furthermore, the jolt in humidity that happens when a refillable device is filled with water also create an environment for your humidor to acquire mold, mildew and bacteria. This not only can cause off-flavors in your cigars but can also cause degradation during the aging process.
3. How to eliminate fluctuations in humidity and age your cigars properly:
The answer is simple, Boveda. Before Boveda, all that cigar aficionados had to care for their precious cargo were one-way humidifiers like orange peels, lettuce heads, etc. (this all seems very archaic to us). Two-way humidity control continually responds to the environment and maintains a very stable and precise RH (Relative Humidity). This eliminates fluctuations and extreme cycles this fluctuations put your cigars though. It is this stability that prevents loss of the natural oils, sugars and flavor as your cigars age.